▣ TYPE: Technical research / built demonstrator project
⧇ CLIENT: HG Matthews
▤ KEY MATERIALS: Timber / Wood fibre / Hempcrete / Lime
▦ METHODOLOGY: Model making / 1:1 mockups / 1:1 build
⧆ COLLABORATORS: Arup, Henry Stringer and Steven Cooper
This demonstrator project was designed collaboratively using a palette of predominantly cellulose and lime based materials – timber, wood fibre, hemp shiv and lime binders. The building was commissioned by HG Matthews and forms a part of the Material Cultures campus at the factory. The research explores prefabricated building models that are capable of challenging the preconceptions around mass production and exploring its potential.
Panel House is a technical development of the prefabricated hemp and timber system utilized at Flat House, streamlining it for Modern Methods of Construction Category 2. In Panel House, the timber cassettes were modified to meet residential U-values, and an efficient mixing of module sizes facilitated intelligent service runs around the periphery of the building. The system is based on a 400mm-deep cassette with dimensions determined by the methods of transportation for the building components, with specially-fabricated hemp and lime blocks inserted on assembly. The system’s structure is made of timber-frame cassettes, pre-fabricated at workshops at Central Saint Martins.
Panel House tests both pre-fabrication methods and zero carbon technologies. With an internal floor area of 60m² it was designed in different configurations to be capable of hosting both a seated meal for 30 people or occupied as a 1 bedroom house.
TEAM: Abigail Bird, Adolfs Kristapsons, Ameeka Babra, Annija Silanagle, Arianne Melati Dermawan, Cameron Bray, Catherine McAleer, Finian Orme, Freya Tigerschiöld, Gabriele Pauryte, George William Fisher, Hannah Bergstrand, Jake Johnson, James Bromley, Jemima Jane Ashton-Harris, Jessica Buss, Joy Mulandi, Kleanthis Kyriakou, Liza Schneider, Lois Innes, Lydia Hyde, Mama Akyere Sekyi-Djan, Matteo Rossetti, Mojan Kavosh, Neil Dixon, Sara Lohse, Valeria Sapigni, Viktorija Mankevičiūtė and Xiao Ding